所属类别： 14毫克/毫升 35毫克/套件
包装规格： 14毫克/毫升 35毫克/套件
原产地英文商品名：BEXXAR intravenous infusion 14mg/mL 35mg/Kit
原产地英文药品名：tositumomab and iodine I 131 tositumomab
中文参考商品译名：百克沙注射溶液 14毫克/毫升 35毫克/套件
2.治疗阶段：(1)托西莫单抗450mg溶于0.9%氯化钠注射液50ml中静滴60min以上。若出现轻、中度毒性，滴速降低50%，若出现严重毒性应停药。(2)131I-托西莫单抗：根据说明书所标活性浓度计算治疗所需131I-托西莫单抗剂量。若出现轻、中度毒性，滴速降低50%，若出现严重毒性应停药。(3)血小板≥150000/mm3者剂量：131I 75cGy全身照射，托西莫单抗35mg静滴20min。(4)血小板100000～150000/mm3者剂量：131I 65cGy全身照射，托西莫单抗35mg静滴20min。
Radioimmunotherapy for lymphomas.Zeva lin and Bexxar are now approved for treatment of Rituximab-refractory follicular non-Hodgkin’s lymphomaIn February 2002, Zeva lin was the first radioimmunotherapy to receive FDA approval. Zeva lin is indicated for the treatment of relapsed or refractory low grade, follicular, or transformed B-cell non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL). This indication includes patients with Rituxan (rituximab)-refractory follicular NHL. Zeva lin has been approved as part of a therapeutic regimen involving Rituxan.On June 30, 2003 Corixa and GlaxoSmithKline announced FDA approval of BEXXAR (Tositumomab and Iodine I 131 Tositumomab) for the treatment of patients with CD20 positive, follicular NHL, with and without transformation, whose disease is refractory to Rituximab and has relapsed following chemotherapy.(see site for Zeva lin) for Bexxar Corixa site and comparisons.)Zeva lin consists of a monoclonal antibody linked to the radioactive isotope yttrium-90. After infusion into a patient, the monoclonal antibody targets the CD20 antigen, which is found on the surface of mature B cells and B-cell tumors. In this manner, cytotoxic radiation is delivered directly to malignant cells.xZeva lin received both a full approval and an accelerated approval based on results from two major US efficacy studies.The study that supported the full approval of Zeva lin included 54 subjects. The subjects were diagnosed with relapsed follicular lymphoma, and they no longer adequately responded to Rituxan treatment. An overall response rate of 74% was achieved with Zeva lin treatment, with 15% of subjects experiencing a complete response.Accelerated approval of Zeva lin was supported by a randomized, controlled phase III trial. The trial included 143 subjects with relapsed or refractory, low grade or follicular NHL or transformed B-cell NHL. An overall response rate of 80% was obtained in subjects receiving the Zeva lin therapeutic regimen (73 subjects), compared to 56% for the subjects receiving Rituxan alone (70 subjects). Thirty percent of Zeva lin-treated subjects experienced a complete response, compared to a 16% complete response rate for Rituxan-treated subjects. Some studies are noted below131I-Tositumomab Therapy as Initial Treatment for Follicular LymphomaMark S. Kaminski, M.D., NEJM 2005;352_441Background Advanced-stage follicular B-cell lymphoma is considered incurable. Anti-CD20 radioimmunotherapy is effective in patients who have had a relapse after chemotherapy or who have refractory follicular lymphoma, but it has not been tested in previously untreated patients.Methods Seventy-six patients with stage III or IV follicular lymphoma received as initial therapy a single course of treatment with 131I-tositumomab therapy (registered as Tositumomab and Iodine I 131 Tositumomab [the Bexxar therapeutic regimen]). This consisted of a dosimetric dose of tositumomab and 131I-labeled tositumomab followed one week later by a therapeutic dose, delivering 75 cGy of radiation to the total body.Results Ninety-five percent of the patients had any response, and 75 percent had a complete response. The use of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to detect rearrangement of the BCL2 gene showed molecular responses in 80 percent of assessable patients who had a clinical complete response. After a median follow-up of 5.1 years, the actuarial 5-year progression-free survival for all patients was 59 percent, with a median progression-free survival of 6.1 years. The annualized rate of relapse progressively decreased over time: 25 percent, 13 percent, and 12 percent during the first, second, and third years, respectively, and 4.4 percent per year after three years. Of 57 patients who had a complete response, 40 remained in remission for 4.3 to 7.7 years. Hematologic toxicity was moderate, with no patient requiring transfusions or hematopoietic growth factors. No cases of myelodysplastic syndrome have been observed.Conclusions A single one-week course of 131I-tositumomab therapy as initial treatment can induce prolonged clinical and molecular remissions in patients with advanced follicular lymphoma.Monoclonal antibody therapy for lymphoma.Dillman RO. Cancer Pract 2001 Mar-Apr;9(2):71-80Robert O. Dillman, MD, FACP, Medical Director, Hoag Cancer Center, Director, Laboratory and Clinical Research, Hoag Cancer Center, Newport Beach, California.The history of clinical applications of monoclonal antibodies has been intertwined with that of lymphomas. The first report of a complete remission in 1981 described a patient with follicular lymphoma who was treated with a murine anti-idiotype antibody. Later that decade there appeared additional encouraging reports of radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies, immunotoxins, and other antibodies with antitumor effects against lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Monoclonal antibodies as a treatment of malignancy became reality in late 1997 when the US Food and Drug Administration approved the anti-CD20 chimeric monoclonal antibody rituximab for the treatment of B-cell lymphoma. Since that time an anti-CD25 monoclonal antibody (dacliximab) and an anti-CD25 immunotoxin fusion product (denileukin diftitox) have become clinically available. Several radio- labeled antibodies, including the murine anti-CD20 products 131I-tositumomab and 90Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan, are in advanced stages of clinical testing as are other unlabeled monoclonal antibodies with antilymphoma activity. Other antilymphoma immunotoxins that react with CD25, CD19, and CD22 also have shown promise.Antibody therapy of lymphoma.
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