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克里美净/球形吸收碳颗粒(Kremezin granules 84bagx2g)说明书

产地国家:日本

处 方 药:

所属类别:2克/颗粒 84袋

包装规格:2克/颗粒 84袋

计价单位:

生产厂家中文参考译名:田辺三菱製薬株式会社

生产厂家英文名:Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.

原产地英文商品名:Kremezin(クレメジン細粒)2g/bag 84bag/box

原产地英文药品名:Spherical absorptive carbon

中文参考商品译名:克里美净(クレメジン細粒)2克/颗粒 84袋

中文参考药品译名:球形吸收碳

曾用名:AST-120

简介:

部份中文克里美净处方资料(仅供参考)

英文名:Spherical absorptive carbon

商品名:Kremezin granules

中文名:克里美净(球形吸收碳颗粒)

生产商:田边三菱制药

クレメジンカプセル200mg/クレメジン細粒分包2g

开发单位:吴羽化学

首次上市:1992年,日本

藥理類別:medicinal charcoal

药理类别:制酸剂及吸附剂

结构式:每包含2公克活性碳。无添加赋形剂。UpToDate UpToDate 连结

药理作用:利用具有吸附性的球型微粒活性碳物质,可在肠胃道选择性的吸附IS前驱物质及p-cresol,以减少人体吸收的机会,而本身却不会被人体的肠胃所吸收。

适应症:紧急治疗药物或化学品中毒之病人;吸附干扰胃肠道的细菌性毒素、消化性毒素及其他有机性废物、解除肠内滞留气体及有关症状。

用法用量:

1. 成人及12岁以上儿童:急性中毒时,尽快使用50-100公克之活性碳。严重中毒时,服用初剂量后,每4至6小时应再服用20公克活性碳,连续数天。

2. 12岁以下儿童:活性碳用在小孩之推荐剂量是每公斤体重给予1公克之活性碳。急性中毒时,依小孩之体重和中毒之程度给予10-50公克之活性碳;幼儿初剂量给予10-20公克之活性碳,数分钟后根据医师指示,可重复给药;较大的小孩则尽量给予大剂量30-50公克之活性碳。

副作用:便秘、黑便、腹泻。

交互作用:当合并使用其他药物,在考量本产品为吸附剂的情况下,不应同时使用。

禁忌:

1. 患者必须使用口服药剂或口服特殊之解毒剂时,不可使用活性碳。

2. 患有消化道输送失调(transit disorder)的病人,“吴羽”克里美净可能会干扰排泄。

注意事项:

1. 患有消化性溃疡或食道静脉曲张的病人,在服用本产品时应小心注意。 (本产品是以固态状态下经过消化道,可能会刺激经过区域)

2. 由于其对腐蚀性物质引起之中毒无效,因此,如确定是由腐蚀性物质引起之中毒,应避免使用本品。

药品保存方式:室温25℃储存。

KREMEZIN Fine Granules 2g(Spherical absorptive carbon)

Brand name:KREMEZIN Fine Granules 2g

Active ingredient:Spherical carbon adsorbent obtained by oxidizing and reducing spherical activated carbon at high temperature, which is derived from hydrocarbon from petroleum.

Dosage form:black fine granules

Print on wrapping:慢性腎不全用剤, クレメジン細粒分包2g, KREMEZIN, 2g

Effects of this medicine:

This medicine adsorbs uremic toxins and the precursor in the gastrointestinal tract in patients with chronic renal failure, so that they are excreted in the feces. This alleviates uremic symptoms such as loss of appetite, bad breath, nausea and itchiness, and also delays initiation of dialysis.

It is usually used to alleviate uremic symptoms and delay dialysis initiation in patients with progressive chronic renal failure.

Before using this medicine, be sure to tell your doctor and pharmacist:

・If you have previously experienced any allergic reactions (itch, rash, etc.) to any medicines.

・If you have transit disorder in the digestive tract.

・If you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

・If you are taking any other medicinal products.(Some medicines may interact to enhance or diminish medicinal effects. Beware of over-the-counter medicines and dietary supplements as well as other prescription medicines.)

Dosing schedule (How to take this medicine):

・Your dosing schedule prescribed by your doctor is<>

・In general, for adults, take 1 packet (2 g of the active ingredient) at a time, 3 times a day.Strictly follow the instructions.

・If you are currently taking any other medicines, do not take them at the same time; you should wait more than 30 minutes to 1 hour to take this medicine after taking the other medicine. However, there may be differences in the effectiveness of medicines between individuals and between different medicines, so pay attention to the effects of the other medicine.

・If you miss a dose, take the missed dose as soon as possible. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosing schedule. You should never take two doses at one time.

・If you accidentally take more than your prescribed dose, consult with your doctor or pharmacist.

・Do not stop taking this medicine unless your doctor instructs you to do so.

Precautions while taking this medicine:

Possible adverse reactions to this medicine

The most commonly reported adverse reactions include constipation, loss of appetite, nausea/vomiting, bloated feeling of the stomach, rash and itching. If any of these symptoms occur, consult with your doctor or pharmacist.

The symptoms described below are rarely seen as initial symptoms of the adverse reactions indicated in brackets. If any of these symptoms occur, stop taking this medicine and see your doctor immediately.

No pertinent entries.

The above symptoms do not describe all the adverse reactions to this medicine. Consult with your doctor or pharmacist if you notice any symptoms of concern other than those listed above.

Storage conditions and other information

・Keep out of reach of children. Keep in the room temperature.Store away from heat, moisture and direct sunlight.

・Discard the remainder. Do not store them.

Internal

Revised: 07/2015

The information on this sheet is based on approvals granted by the Japanese regulatory authority. Approval details may vary by country. Medicines have adverse reactions (risks) as well as efficacies (benefits). It is important to minimize adverse reactions and maximize efficacy. To obtain a better therapeutic response, patients should understand their medication and cooperate with the treatment.

用药温馨提示:当您服用此药物时,需定期接受医疗专业人士的检查,以便随时针对其药效、副作用等情况进行监测。本网站所包含的信息旨在为患者提供帮助,不能代替医学建议和治疗。
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